The Night the Coyotes Called My Name

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Once a coyote stops hunting on its own and loses its fear of people, it becomes dangerous and may attack without warning. Prevention is the best tool for minimizing conflicts with coyotes and other wildlife. To prevent conflicts with coyotes, use the following management strategies around your property and encourage your neighbors to do the same. If there are coyote sightings in your area, prepare your children for a possible encounter.

Demonstrate and rehearse encounter behavior with the children. Never feed coyotes.

The Night the Coyotes Called My Name

Coyotes that are fed by people often lose their fear of humans and develop a territorial attitude that may lead to aggressive behavior. Try to educate your friends and neighbors about the problems associated with feeding coyotes. Keep garbage can lids on tight by securing them with rope, chain, bungee cords, or weights. Better yet, buy quality garbage cans with clamps or other mechanisms that hold lids on. To prevent tipping, secure the side handles to metal or wooden stakes driven into the ground.

Or keep your cans in tight-fitting bins, a shed, or a garage. Prevent access to fruit and compost. Keep fruit trees fenced, or pick up fruit that falls to the ground. Keep compost piles within a fenced area or securely covered. Cover new compost material with soil or lime to prevent it from smelling.

Never include animal matter in your compost; it attracts coyotes. Feed dogs and cats indoors. If you must feed your pets outside, do so in the morning or at midday, and pick up food, water bowls, leftovers, and spilled food well before dark every day. Coyotes prey on these cats as well as any feed you leave out for the feral cats. Prevent the buildup of feeder foods under bird feeders.

Coyote Calls: Choosing the Right Sounds When Calling Coyotes | Mossy Oak

Coyotes will eat bird food and are attracted to the many birds and rodents that come to feeders. Keep dogs and cats indoors, especially from dusk to dawn. If left outside at night in an unprotected area, cats and small to mid-size dogs may be killed by coyotes. Pets can be easy prey for coyotes. Being raised by humans leaves them unsuspecting once they leave the safety of your home.

If you suspect losing a dog or cat to a coyote, notify your neighbors. Once a coyote finds easy prey it will continually hunt in the area. Keep deterrents nearby in times of increased sightings. An old hockey stick, broom, or a pile of stones near the play area can help prepare children for an encounter and will remind them of effective encounter behavior. Build a coyote-proof fence. Their tendency to climb will depend on the individual animal and its motivation.

A 5-foot woven-wire fence with extenders facing outward at the top of each post should prevent coyotes from climbing over Fig. However, all coyotes are excellent diggers, and an effective fence needs to extend at least 8 inches below the surface, or have a galvanized-wire apron that extends out from the fence at least 15 inches Fig. Electric fences can also keep coyotes out of an enclosed area Figs. Alternatively, install a commercial device to prevent coyotes from being able to get the foothold necessary to hoist them over a fence Fig. Enclose poultry chickens, ducks, and turkeys in a secure outdoor pen and house.

Coyotes will eat poultry and their eggs if they can get to them. Note: Other killers of poultry include foxes, skunks, raccoons, feral cats, dogs, bobcats, opossums, weasels, hawks, and owls.

Pennsylvania Coyote Hunting FAQ

To prevent coyotes from accessing birds in their night roosts, equip poultry houses with well-fitted doors and secure locking mechanisms. To prevent them from trying to go under the fence, stake the bottom of the fence flush to the ground, or line the bottom of the fence with bricks, fence posts, or similar items. For ways to prevent coyotes from digging under a fence or structure see Figure To prevent coyotes and other animals from accessing poultry during the day, completely enclose outdoor pens with 1-inch chicken wire placed over a sturdy wooden framework.

Keep livestock and small animals that live outdoors confined in secure pens during periods of vulnerability.

  1. General Information?
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  3. Types of Coyote Vocalizations.
  4. Utopian Studies, 22:2: Craftivism Special Issue 2011?
  5. Studies in Titus.
  6. Living with California Coyotes;
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All animals should be confined from dusk to dawn. Temporary or portable fencing keeps livestock together so that they can be guarded more effectively. During birthing season, keep young and vulnerable animals confined at all times.

Preflight: Calling Gear

Do not use remote pastures or holding areas, especially when there has been a recent coyote attack. Remove any sick and injured animals immediately. Ensure that young animals have a healthy diet so that they are strong and less vulnerable to predators. Note: Many ranchers now attempt to kill coyotes only when damage has occurred. Coyotes also benefit ranchers and other property owners by helping control populations of mice, rats, voles, moles, gophers, rabbits, and hares. Remove or bury dead livestock.

Coyotes, with their keen sense of smell, quickly find dead animals. Cover the carcass with a minimum of 2 feet of soil. For a large property with livestock, consider using a guard animal. There are specialty breeds of dogs that can defend livestock. Donkeys and llamas have also successfully been used as guard animals. As with any guard animal, pros and cons exist.

Purchase a guard animal from a reputable breeder who knows the animal he or she sells. Some breeders offer various guarantees on their guard animals, including a replacement if an animal fails to perform as expected.

Preflight: Calling Gear

If all efforts to dissuade a problem coyote fail and it continues to be a threat to humans, or animals in their care, the animal may have to be killed. Researchers have identified around a dozen or so coyote vocalizations. Some research shows the alpha, or high-ranking, males and females and pairs do most of the vocalizing. Based on extensive and detailed research that involved recording and playing back howls and yips and observing the behavior of captive and free-ranging coyotes, wildlife researcher Philip Lehner 40 years ago placed coyote sounds into three general categories:.

They include woofing, growling, huffing high-intensity threat , barking, bark-howling, yelping submission and startle , and high-frequency whining usually given by a subordinate coyote. Lone howls can also announce the location of an individual separated from their group. The more we understand all aspects of coyote behavior, the easier it will be to peacefully coexist with them.

We should use what we know to protect them. State and local policies should embrace our understanding of coyote behavior. If not, what triggers the outburst? Call or celebration? They do it night after night and have yet to make a kill.