Investors in Private Equity Funds: Theory, Preferences and Performances

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The African private equity and venture capital association is the pan-African industry body which promotes and enables private investment in Africa.

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AVCA plays a significant role as a champion and effective change agent for the industry It educates, equips and connects members and stakeholders with independent industry research, best practice training programmes and exceptional networking opportunities. AIMA is the global representative of the alternative investment industry, with more than 1, corporate members in over 60 countries. AIMA draws upon the expertise and diversity of its membership to provide leadership in industry initiatives such as advocacy, policy and regulatory engagement, educational programmes and sound practice guides.

AIMA works to raise media and public awareness of the value of the industry. AIMA is committed to developing skills and education standards and is a co-founder of the Chartered Alternative Investment Analyst designation CAIA — the first and only specialised educational standard for alternative investment specialists.

5. How do Private Equity Firms and its partners make money?

The AIC is an advocacy and resource organization established to develop and provide information about the private equity investment industry and its contributions to the long-term growth of the US economy and retirement security of American workers. Member firms of the AIC consist of the country's leading private equity and growth capital firms united by their successful partnerships with limited partners and American businesses.

Most frequently terms

In turn, the industry plays an important role in the broader Australian economy by building better businesses. The BVCA is the industry body and public policy advocate for the private equity and venture capital industry in the UK. For more than three decades it has represented the industry and delivered authoritative research and analysis, proprietary publications, specialist training, topical conferences and best practice standards. Its membership comprises more than influential firms, including over private equity and venture capital houses, as well as institutional investors, professional advisers, service providers and international associations.

BAI is the cross-asset and cross-product advocacy association for the alternative investments industry in Germany. Regarding alternative investments, it advocates for better opportunities of diversification for institutional or professional investors' portfolios.

The focus of BAI's efforts is to ensure German pension and retirement planning in the long run. It is a catalyzer between professional German investors and recognized worldwide providers of alternative investments products and services.

Exploring Evergreen Funds with a VC Investor Who Raised One

Topics include portfolio construction, risk management, due diligence, hedge funds, private equity and real estate. Download the full description of the Fundamentals program here. Since , HFC has worked to prevent and treat child abuse both at home and abroad. A global foundation, historically supported by the alternative asset management industry, HFC provides grants to effective child abuse prevention and treatment interventions across three continents, in seven countries and 12 cities, making the world a safer place for children. The IAAIF is a non-profit organization with the objective of promoting and protecting the interests of the alternative investments industry in India.

IVCA's mission is to continuously promote and enlighten the private equity industry and venture capitalists on the developments and market opportunities. It endeavours to fortify the private equity industry and venture capitals with knowledge and numbers that depict the true picture of the Indian market. By being the most representative and diverse body for the community, the IVCA provides a platform for member firms to network and share best practices and information.

ILPA engages, empowers and connects LPs to maximize their performance on an individual, institutional and collective basis. IPFA is an independent, not-for-profit, professional members association dedicated to promoting and representing the interests of both public and private sector organisations involved in project finance and Public Private Partnerships PPPs worldwide.

It has as its members the key players within the infrastructure and energy industry, including financial institutions, project sponsors, law firms, construction companies and operators active in PPP and project finance markets globally. LPEQ was founded to engage with investors to deepen understanding of the key investment considerations when looking to invest in the private equity sector. It is also a platform bringing together its members to share knowledge and best practice.

It was founded in as an initiative to raise understanding of private equity investment trusts, primarily in the UK. MFA represents the global alternative investment industry and its investors by advocating for sound industry practices and public policies that foster efficient, transparent and fair capital markets. MFA, based in Washington DC, is an advocacy, education and communications organization established to enable hedge fund and managed futures firms in the alternative investment industry to participate in public policy discourse, share best practices and learn from peers, as well as communicate the industry's contributions to the global economy.

MFA members help pension plans, university endowments, charitable organizations, qualified individuals and other institutional investors to diversify their investments, manage risk and generate attractive returns over time. The best innovations will have the best financial returns. We want [co-investors] to be aware of this and our intention is to keep it that way.


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With evergreen funds having no end date and with the flexibility of being able to top them up with more capital, planning investment timescales can seem endless. As with any fund, retaining dry powder for follow-ons and opportunistic plays is crucial, but exits add another dimension. A common misconception regarding exits in open-ended funds is that they can recycle capital.

That is in theory possible, hence the term evergreen, but it can be counterintuitive towards aligning the interests of the manager with the LPs.

Data Integration

If there are no distributions, there are no chances to realize profits. Clawback provisions are not common in open-ended funds and so, recycling capital can make it hard to retain quality investment staff, who will be perpetually waiting for performance-related compensation. Instead, the fund manager must look to tie up exits with future fundraising, almost as if LPs are in cohorts, bookended between exits. An exit represents a soft reset where capital can be returned and potentially reinvested by exited investors.

This was a focus of the work that I did with B37, to ensure that fundraising is planned for optimal timing and with the best interests of current investors in mind. To visualize the cash flows of an evergreen fund, the chart below plots an example of the timing of cash flows by activity. The NAV of the fund is of high importance, both in terms of allowing current investors to track their marks and for new investors assessing whether to buy into the fund. For that, providing regular, transparent, and consistent valuations of the portfolio is paramount.

For B37, valuation is always the major talking point with investors:. The major question is always how do we determine the price for new investors that come in, and who approves it. At the end of the day, for our model, the price per share is the ultimate equalizer than makes it fair for everyone. An open-ended fund structure also brings an advantage that LLC terms can be altered as time progresses. This is particularly useful for managing new fund buy-ins, because it allows for subjective valuation elements to be inserted. NAV is a great quantitative metric, but on its own is not a complete tool for assessing fund value for new investors, such as in these areas:.

Network Effects. The composition of an investor base in a fund is a leading indicator towards its future success and thus, sends signalling properties to the market. New investors arriving with a combination of pedigree and absolute investment dollars will benefit the existing portfolio and investor base.

What Private Equity Investors Think They Do for the Companies They Buy

This is especially relevant for funds such as B37, which actively involve LPs in their investments to explore commercial collaboration opportunities. Financial Justice. This can be achieved by altering the LLC to include designated investment groups for new capital that arrives within certain timescales. Hedge funds deploy similar strategies with side pocket investments that are carved out from the main fund. Rodrigo notes that this model may be fairer on LPs overall, compared to closed-ended models, where investors buy into funds at the same price despite the GP undergoing a constant evolution of their own skills as fund managers:.

Most likely, they would. How do you level that playing field? Rodrigo also noted how LP redemptions are not really possible in an open-ended VC because the underlying assets are illiquid. In a private equity fund structure, concessions can be given of offering up a percentage of the NAV for pro-rata distribution. For venture capital, B37 sees improved secondary markets as a step towards offering this benefit to investors:. There might come a day where some or all of our supply comes from secondaries. We wanted to leave that door open to see how markets change and evolve.

The VC world is growing, and more and more are taking interest in it.

In Private Equity Funds, Does It Really Pay to Diversify?

There could be the potential for redemptions in the future. If principal were cleared before yield, investors may find themselves earning a lower return in future years from the reduced principal base despite not yet receiving material gains from the fund.

Rodrigo is sanguine about this but again brings it back toward marrying interests with investors:. Of course, we want to be as good as the market.