Assessing Reserve Adequacy in Low-Income Countries (Occasional Papers)

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Era Dabla-Norris , Mr. George C. Low-income countries routinely experience exogenous disturbances—sharp swings in the terms of trade, export demand, natural disasters, and volatile financial flows—that contribute to higher volatility in aggregate output and consumption compared with other countries. Assessing Reserve Adequacy in Low-Income Countries presents the findings of an analysis of a range of external shocks faced by these countries, beginning with a discussion of the impact of external shocks on macroeconomic growth, volatility, and welfare.

Although sound macroeconomic and prudential policy frameworks are the first line of defense for limiting vulnerability, international reserves constitute the main form of self-insurance against such shocks. The evidence suggests that low-income countries with reserve coverage above three months of imports were better able to smooth consumption and absorption in the face of external shocks compared with those with lower reserve holdings.

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Charles Collyns. Charles Collyns Director. Prakash Loungani. He is the author of well-rated academic articles in macroeconomics and international economics. Loungani holds a Ph. Michael Kell.

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Michael Kell Advisor. Michael has worked in various economist and management roles in the UK government, in consulting and at research institutes. He holds a Masters degree in Economics from the University of Oxford. Jun Kim. Jun Kim Advisor. Prior to joining the IMF, he worked at the Korea Development Institute as a senior research fellow and chief of the Macroeconomics division, served as Senior Counsellor to the Minister of Finance of Korea, and taught at the University of California, Santa Cruz, as an assistant professor. Kim holds a Ph.

Charles Collyns

Cyrus Rustomjee. Cyrus Rustomjee Advisor. Rustomjee joined the IEO in January Reginald Darius. Reginald Darius Lead Evaluator. Darius joined the IEO in December He holds a Ph. Louellen Stedman. Louellen Stedman Lead Evaluator. Stedman joined the IEO in November She previously worked for over seventeen years at the U.

Nicoletta Batini. Nicoletta Batini Senior Economist. Nicoletta Batini is an Italian economist, notable as a scholar of innovative monetary and fiscal policy practices.


She pioneered work on the dangers of fiscal austerity and on how to curb debt successfully during financial deleveraging. She has handled extensive consultancy roles internationally.

Factors influencing the scale up of health interventions in low and middle-income countries.

She holds a Ph. Anna and a Ph. Miguel de Las Casas. Miguel de Las Casas Senior Economist. Jung Kim. Jung Kim Senior Economist. She also worked as an economist in the Bank of Korea and as a consultant at the World Bank. She received her Ph. Tamar Gutner.

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Tamar Gutner Fellow. Alisa Abrams.

Alisa Abrams Economist. Joshua Wojnilower.